Fact-checking for Economics
With each source we have given three examples of economics-related fact-checks or explainer articles.
Hosted by the Fletcher School at Tufts University, Econofact publishes short explanatory notes, written by a network of academics, on topics in current US debates. It gives a non-partisan context, in plain English, to questions of international trade and national policy.
A UK-based fact-checking charity that openly declares all large donations, FullFact's charitable goal is to "provide free tools, advice, and information so that anyone can check the claims we hear about public issues." Though their scope includes issues of all kinds that are being debated in the UK, economic questions form a large part of their work.
Described as one of the "global leaders in the field" of fact-checking, this charity has offices in Johannesburg, Nairobi, Lagos and Dakar. It aims to "hold public figures accountable" by fact-checking their statements.
One of the oldest and best-known online fact-checkers, this is a US-based site but with some UK stories. Its strength is in providing a rapid counter to myths and doctored photographs that spread via social media. A small proportion of these are on economic topics.
This well-known site concentrates on statements by US political figures, but their "global news edition" checks a more diverse set of pronouncements. Their "truth-o-meter" ratings include a "Pants on Fire" rating for particularly bold falsehoods.
Funding: mix of donations and advertising
An India-based service providing fact-checks and explainers of political, legal and economic topics in that country, based on information available from official sources. The site solicits donations from readers, but it is not clear if these provide all the service's funding.
Fact-checking services of media organisations
BBC News Reality Check
The BBC’s very popular news web site includes almost daily fact checks of issues in the news
Funded by: UK Television licence fee
Channel 4 Fact Check
Fact-checks by Channel 4 News journalists, usually of political hot-potato claims, released on an irregular but roughly weekly basis.
Channel 4 News is produced by Independent Television News, a commercial broadcaster
Some of the posts on this site (see the guide to blogging) are fact-checks of topical issues by UK-based academics. A distinctive feature of these articles, compared to other fact-checkers, is a review by a second academic expert, who can back up or challenge the main author's conclusions.
Funding: university & charity
Ferret Fact Service
Fact-check section of Scottish publication The Ferret funded by reader subscriptions. Includes occasional “Explainers” for topics.
Washington Post Fact Checker
This regular feature of the Washington Post site awards “Pinocchios” to US political figures for their pronouncements.
The Week fact-check
The Week is a news magazine that digests news from around two hundred sources. Their stories include occasional fact checks of claims in the news.
Funding: subscribers & advertising
- Fact Check: do economic sanctions work?
- Fact Check: the truth about corporate tax cuts
- Fact Check: Does London really subsidise the UK?
Fact-checking search engine
Google has a Fact Check Explorer which indexes fact-checks from various reputable sites. Typing in a search term will bring up relevant checks, or alternatively you can browse recent additions.
Information for and about fact-checkers
How to Fact Check
From the economics news analysis site The Breakdown led by Julien Picault at the University of British Columbia, this page gives tips for identifying fake news and for general critical reading.
Media Bias/Fact Check
An ongoing project to review media outlets, from the well-known to the very obscure, for political bias and factual accuracy. This database includes lists of sources rated as questionable/fake news and conspiracy-pseudoscience. This is an advertising supported personal project where ratings are done by a team of volunteers, with no institutional affiliation.
A Field Guide to "Fake News" and Other Information Disorders
Created by the Public Data Lab (an international, interdisciplinary network of researchers) with support from First Draft (based at the Harvard Kennedy School), with institutional supporters including the University of Bath and Kings College London. The Field Guide "explores the use of digital methods to study false viral news, political memes, trolling practices and their social life online."
The Debunking Handbook
By John Cook (University of Queensland) and Stephen Lewandowsky (University of Bristol). This guide was prompted by the authors' experiences responding to climate change denial, but its lessons about the psychology of belief result in practical tips for anyone correcting misinformation. The handbook is a freely-downloadable PDF in multiple languages.
PolitiFact's guide to fake news websites and what they peddle
This page lists hundreds of dubious sites in four categories, with explanations and examples of each:
- fake news,
- news outlets that sometimes mistakenly post fake news,
- imposter sites (that pretend to be official sites of well-known news organisations), and
- satire/parody sites that are sometimes mistaken for serious news outlets.
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