The Economics Network

Improving economics teaching and learning for over 20 years

The Bologna Process: A Guide for Economics Lecturers

By Rebecca Taylor, Nottingham Trent University and Wyn Morgan, University of Nottingham
Published April 2012


The purpose of this Guide is to provide a first port of call for anyone teaching or administering economics and business degrees in the UK and who is keen to find out what is being offered across the EU in these disciplines. In addition, it aims to provide a context for the ongoing discussions in the Bologna Process that is reshaping higher education within the EU. Given that it simply draws together information from a publically available but disparate and wide range of sources, both in hard copy and electronically, it is not intended to be a definitive or state-of-the-art exposition of each country and its higher education provision but merely a finger post to further information.

The Guide has two main elements. The first is a brief overview of the Bologna Process and how it has developed over time. In addition to this skeleton view, links to further resources and information are provided to allow for greater depth of research.

The second part is an overview of higher education provision on a country-by-country basis with links to the universities or institutes of higher education who offer business and/or economics degrees. Each overview is given the same structure with the following components:

A statement around the nature of higher education in the country
Overview of Types of Universities and Qualifications at Undergraduate and Post graduate Level
This is split into three further sub-sections: Structure, Access and Qualifications
University Listing
Web links to those institutions offering business and/or economics programmes
Where applicable, The Times Higher Education-QS World University Rankings are provided
References and Sources
Links to the main sources of information for the country