6 Where next?
The majority of existing pedagogical research into the use of lecturing and student learning continues to be generic. The best sources for economics-specific educational research are the journals the International Review of Economics Education and the Journal of Economic Education.
Badger, R.(2001) 'Note perfect: an investigation of how students view taking notes in lectures'. System. 29(3): 405-417.
Biggs, J. (2001). Teaching for Quality Learning at University. (Milton Keynes: The Society for Research into Higher Education & Open University Press).
Bilbow, G. (1989). Towards an understanding of overseas students' difficulties in lectures: a phenomenographic approach. Journal of Further & Higher Education. 13(3): 85-99.
Charman, D. and Fullerton, H. (1995) Interactive lectures: a case study in a geographical concepts course. Journal of Geography in Higher Education. 19(1): 57-68.
Davies, P., Hodkinson, S. and Reynolds, P (2000). (Eds.) Innovative Approaches to Learning and Teaching in Economics and Business Education, (Stoke-on-Trent: Staffordshire University Press).
Hannan, A & Silver, H. (2000) Innovating in Higher Education, Teaching Learning and Institutional Cultures. (Milton Keynes: The Society for Research into Higher Education & Open University Press).
Hodgson, V. (1984) Learning from Lectures in Marton, F., Hounsell, D., Entwistle, N. (Eds.) The Experience of Learning. (Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press).
Jenkins, A. (1992) Break up your lectures: one way of lecturing to large groups. Teaching & Learning Bulletin. 8: 2-5.
Jin, Z. (2000) The learning experience of students in Middlesex University Business School (MUBS): why do they enjoy some modules/lectures and dislike others? International Journal of Management Education. Vol. 1(1): 22-36.
Littlemore, J. (2001)The use of metaphor in university lectures and the problems that it causes for overseas students. Teaching in Higher Education. 6(3): 333-349.
Maloney, M. and Lally, B. (1998) The relationship between attendance at university lectures and examination performance. Irish Journal of Education. 29: 52-62.
Milliken, J. (1998) Assessing student perceptions of electronic lectures in marketing. Virtual University Journal. Vol. 1(1-4): 34-45.
Race, P(ed). (1999), 2000 Tips for Lecturers, (London: Kogan Page).
Shevlin, M. (2000) The validity of student evaluation of teaching in higher education: love me, love my lectures? Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education. 25(4): 397-405.
Strodt-Lopez, B. (1991) Tying it all in: asides in university lectures. Applied Linguistics. 12(2): 117-140.
Sutton, P. (2000) Using lecture notes on the internet as learning support materials for lectures: student and staff perspectives on note-taking. Psychology Teaching Review. 9(1): 26-37.
Tam, M., Koo, A. and Wong Leung, R.. (1993) Improving lectures by using interactive handouts. British Journal of Educational Technology. 24(2): 139-145.
van Dijk, L., van den Berg, G. and van Keulen, H. (1999) Using active instructional methods in lectures: a matter of skills and preferences. Innovations in Education & Training International. 36(4): 260-272.
Walstad, B & Saunders, P. (1998) (Eds.) Teaching Undergraduate Economics. (Irwin McGraw-Hill).
Wrege, C. (1995). F. W. Taylor's lecture on management, 4 June 1907: an introduction. Journal of Management History. 1(1): 4-7.
The Association of University Teachers submission to the government's comprehensive spending review, entitled Reaching for 50% participation: sustainable growth in higher education, is available online in the reports section at:
The Center for Teaching and Learning at Stanford University has a section on Teaching Tips, Handouts and Links at:
The Center for Teaching Development at the University of California, San Diego has a Teaching Assistant Handbook that is available at:
The Effective Lecturing project, funded for one year by the Scottish Higher Education Funding Council, has a Web site featuring a number of video based case studies (requiring the freely available Quicktime software) and three excellent papers on What is the Use of Lectures?, Good Practice in Lecturing and Use of C& IT in Supporting Lecturing. These are available at:
Resources produced by Tony Buzan which may be of interested if you wish to follow up the idea of using ‘Mind-Maps’ may be located at