Online Text and Notes in Principles (General)

Timothy Taylor, Macalester College; Steven A. Greenlaw, University of Mary Washington; and others

This textbook is both freely available and extensively peer-reviewed. It aims to cover "the scope and sequence for a two-semester principles of economics course." It claims "a balanced approach to micro and macro economics, to both Keynesian and classical views, and to the theory and application of economics concepts." Though officially published in March 2014, it has had updates to reflect current events. Its US origin is reflected in the choice of examples. It can be freely downloaded or viewed in a variety of formats, and an interactive version is available through the Apple iBookstore. A test bank, set of PowerPoint slides, and solutions booklet are available to lecturers on request.

Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY)

An open online textbook, divided into 38 chapters, drawn from various open educational sources including MIT Open CouseWare and Wikipedia, and curated by "subject matter experts, like professors, PhDs and Master’s students." One section deals with controversies in economics (with a US focus), such as "should the Government maintain a balanced budget?" Readers with a free login can highlight parts of the text, add notes, or access quizzes or flashcards. The site's FAQ says that paid-for services will be introduced on top of the free access and tools that are already offered.

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Wikipedia contributors

A summary of the financial crisis that struck the New York Stock Exchange in 1907. The text is summarised from around two dozen sources (principally Bruner and Carr's "The Panic of 1907") and includes contermporary photographs and a timeline. This was made a "Featured Article" after a review in October 2008, meaning that it is considered as comparable to the quality of professional encyclopedias. However, further changes have been made since that time.

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Dean Garratt, Nottingham Trent University, Stephen Heasell, Nottingham Trent University

These case studies in data search, management and economic interpretation are aimed at first-time students of economics. They are downloadable in Word format with embedded links, to adapt, print and/or put in a virtual learning environment. They were produced by Dean Garratt and Stephen Heasell, Nottingham Trent University as part of an Economics Network project. They cover topics such as economic growth, house prices, household debt, consumption spending and government spending.

Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial (CC-BY-NC)
Center for Economic and Policy Research

10 lectures by US economists downloadable as streamed video or MP3 audio presentations, with accompanying PowerPoint slides and related papers that pursue the issues in more depth. Two lectures are on growth (Dean Baker, Mark Weisbrot), others on US labour markets (John Schmitt), women in the labour market (Heather Boushey), trade (Mark Weisbrot), intergenerational mobility and life chances (Heather Boushey), the Federal Reserve, asset bubbles and intellectual property (all Dean Baker). The lectures are US-focused and reflect the sometimes market-critical perspective of the Center for Economic Policy and Research, a think-tank founded by Baker and Weisbrot in 1999 with an advisory board including Joseph Stiglitz and Robert Solow (not to be confused with the UK-based Centre for Economic Policy Research).

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Carnegie Mellon University

This is an online economics course produced by Carnegie Mellon University, which provides access to online course workbooks used in the full semester course on economics. This open and free version of the online workbooks does not include access to the virtual online experiments, end-of-module graded exams or to the course instructor. There are seven experiments and related workbooks on topics such as, supply and demand, monopoly and cartels and network externalities.

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Confederation of British Industry

This is a collection of presentations given at various CBI (Confederation of British Industry) events made available via SlideShare. They have been authored by members of the CBI or invited speakers from HM Treasury, companies and other organisations. They cover topics such as public procurement, climate change, energy policy, pensions etc. In common with other resources available on SlideShare they are embeddable in other websites, some are downloadable and registered users can comment on the presentations.

Mix of licences
Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco

Ask Dr. Econ is an educational resource that answers questions on (mostly macro) economic issues by a Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco economist: the answer-bank is searchable by category or keyword, and new questions can be submitted. Answers are detailed, generally at introductory level, and stay close to current consensus even though some are 10+ years old. Examples: Does inflation hurt long-term growth? What are business cycles and how do they affect the economy? Why does a trade deficit weaken the currency?

Full copyright with permission for educational use

This set of free downloadable textbooks is aimed at UK economics students. The  title includes introductory topics such as the basics of international economics, the neo-classical growth model, econometrics and micro/macro analysis. Users are required to fill in brief personal details before they can download the PDF files of the full text of the books. They range in size from about 20 pages to 150 pages and the authors appear to be mainly European.

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This is a searchable and browsable archive of over 200 graphs for illustrating economics concepts, each of which is available in small and large versions.

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Geoff Riley, Tutor2u

These Tutor2u economics study resources collection provides notes, examples and data to cover a large number of A-level economics topics, organised by category. Each page makes use of attractive design and graphs. A self-test section is included. Key terms on each page are linked to the site's glossary

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Gianluigi Vernasca, University of Essex; Tim Hatton, University of Essex

This course website supports an introductory module in economics as taught at the University of Essex in 2009/10 by Gianluigi Vernasca and Tim Hatton. It provides a broad overview of economics suitable as an introduction to the subject for all undergraduates. It is designed to develop students' knowledge of economic ideas in the context of contemporary issues using the tools of elementary economic analysis. It includes a module outline, lecture notes, coursework items and class exercises (with solutions).

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This site contains notes for economics A-level revision. Each category includes text, graphs, data, and links to related areas. Topics include markets and market systems, macroeconomics / international economics, market failure and the global economy.

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S-Cool Limited

S-Cool! Economics is aimed at students at AS- and A2-level, this site has text and printable revision guides on nearly twenty introductory economics topics.

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Carbon Tax Center

The Carbon Tax Center provides an explanation and justification of the carbon tax proposal, which includes useful detail on the general working of Pigovian and 'green' taxes with greenhouse gas emissions as a topical application. The site includes a presentational slide show and short non-technical papers (with supporting links) comparing the tax with market-based (tradable-quota) alternatives, giving evidence for its demand-reducing effects and explaining how its adverse distributional effects could be addressed. Offers subscription to email newsletter.

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New York Times

Collection of lesson plans that use New York Times articles for orientation round a specific economic issue, providing questions for discussion and ideas for class discussion or research. The exercises encourage students to draw on their own experience, look for economic principles, and consider perspectives from outside economics. Topics include offshoring of jobs, how skill shortages affect the economy, global stock market corrections, tax cuts and income distribution. Content is US-focused, aimed at school teachers, and not always focused on economic angles; but is up-to-date and offers a wide-ranging source of ideas for introducing real world content and practical assignments into teaching of economic principles.

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David Colander, Middlebury College

Chapter 1 of David Colander's 'The Making of an Economist, Redux' (Princeton University Press 2007), reviewing the career paths of economists and the formation of the profession's 'elite' from a US perspective. Information on the number and changing composition of the US economics graduate community, the contents of courses, what economists do, and a summary and reactions to the AEA's Commission on Graduate Education in Economics report.

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Dennis Kaufman, University of Wisconsin-Parkside

This site uses Flash to present a set of tutorials. The Flash technology allows interactively animated graphs, allowing the students to implement policy by, for example, dragging curves to a new position. To view them, your browser requires a plug-in. Topics covered are: Changes in Supply, Demand and Market Equilibrium; The Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply Model; A Firm's Long Run Average Cost Curve; Macroeconomic Phenomena in the AD/AS Model; Profit Maximization for a Competitive Firm; and Economic Policy Tools.

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Orley Amos, Oklahoma State University

A pedestrian's guide to the economy is written by Orley Amos and gives a very simple, straightforward guide to basic economic principles and issues. This is very informal and aimed at the general public rather than the student, but may be useful to some first year students. The site is searchable.

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Henry George Institute

This site contains text and questions introducing the reader to economics from the perspective of Henry George, author of "Progress and Poverty", and advocate of the land tax. The online course is offered freely as a contribution to "popular education".

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Roger Schenk, Saint Joseph's College, Indiana

This on-line introductory text by Roger Schenk includes both micro- and macro- sections, with about a dozen chapters in each. The text has its own glossary and Who's Who and is available as a CD-ROM. A separate index holds text that has been removed from the main content of the book for flow or because it was too technical.

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Lori Alden

Although aimed at U.S. high school students, some of the games, simulations, activities, case studies, and debates may be of use to higher education principles of economics courses. Topics include: prices, wages, distributive justice, money creation, the Keynesian model, supply and demand, the multiplier effect, valuation, externalities, regulations, and taxes.

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Addison Wesley

ECON100 offers various resources to support a number of text books authored or co-authored by Michael Parkin. Included are lecture notes (in PowerPoint, HTML or RTF), online quizzes, and news analysis.

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Kevin Bucknall

An Introduction to Economics by Kevin Bucknall is designed for the GCE A-Level (General Certificate of Education, Advanced Level) in the UK. It is presented as a .zip file of six .pdf chapters covering basic economic principles, in total over 200 pages of notes.

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Andrew K. G. Hildreth, University of California, Berkeley

Five PDF problem sets, with some answers in separate documents, data tables and slides from lectures are among the resources that support a course on an Introduction to Economics as taught by Andrew K. G. Hildreth of University of California, Berkeley.

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Arnold Kling

This is Kling's (formerly of the Federal Reserve) ongoing attempt at an online introductory textbook, made up of about fifty short documents arranged in five chapters - Growth Theory, Saving, Finance, and Social Security, Markets (Microeconomics), Macroeconomics, Information Economics. Each chapter can be printed as a single document.

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Ron Cronovich, University of Nevada

This advice for students addresses: Working with your class notes, Reading your textbook effectively, Practice makes perfect, and Studying with classmates. It is written by Ron Cronovich of the University of Nevada and introduces students to basic study skills. Written in 2001, the page was taken down in 2010 and this link is to's copy.

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James D Hamilton, University of California, San Diego

This is a course website for Econ 2 (Market Imperfections and Policy) delivered in 2011. It contains a course syllabus, problem sets, practice exam papers, slides from each lecture and a series of links to topical economics stories in the news. The course is based on the text by Robert H. Frank and Ben S. Bernanke, Principles of Economics, Third edition. The original site has been taken down and this link is to the Web Archive's copy.

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Robert J Stonebraker, Winthrop University

This on-line textbook is available freely for use by lecturers of introductory economics courses. The first part teaches the basics of economics, while subsequent chapters are of a 'storytelling' nature, applying the concepts to subjects aimed at students' own lives and areas of interest, such as love and marriage, higher education, and crime.

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Study skills for Economics students

Our site Studying Economics has tips including writing and referencing, revision, and help with maths.

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